Zanjan is one of the most important provinces in the central region of western north of lran and since being located on the transit corridor is the linking point between the central, western and western north of the country. Tourist attractions are located all across the province and can be classified as natural, social, historic, and cultural. In this regard, towns such as Abhar and Zanjan are hosts to the most number of these attractions. Perhaps the most prominent site in the province is the magnificent edifice of Soltanie Dome which is one of the most exceptional and famous Islamic sites dating back to 700 years ago. The Dome is listed in UNESCO world heritage and plays a great role in the tourism of the region. According to the last state divisions this province has 3 provincial districts, 13 regions, and 8 towns. The districts are Zanjan, Abhar, and Khodabande. The handicrafts have enjoyed a tremendous prosperity in the province. The crafts include knife making, carpets, Charog making (a traditional and ornamental shoe made of leather), Malile works ( a type of silverwork to make ornamental dishware with delicate patterns) just to name a few. These hand works are now the pride and glory of many a museum around the world.
Zanjan covers 22164 square kilometers and according to the last census has a population of more than 900,000. 3 rivers of Ghezlanrood, Zanjanrood, and Abharrood run through the province. The highest point of the province is in Takht-e- Soleiman heights (more than 3000 meters) and the lowest point of it is in Ghezlavzan and Gilvan (almost 300 meters). The most important historic sites of the province are the magnificent Soltaniey Dome, Zanjan Bazar, the Laundry complex, The Grand Mosque, Gheydar Nabi Mausoleum in Khodabande and the Ahmad Shrine. The province has a generally cold climate with very freezing winters and mild summers. Spring and summertime are the best periods of the year to visit the province. Diverse climates in the province have helped it become a welcoming host to various animal species. Different games, migrating birds, and fish draw a lot of bio-tourists especially during the open season to the region. There are also some really prominent caves in the province among which Katale Khor, Goljik, and Kharmane Sar can be mentioned. Katale Khor _ lies 80 kilometers south of Khodabande - is the biggest cave of the region and according to Anobanini is among the most striking natural features of the grand country of Iran. The cave has three different levels, many side tunnels, great array of stalactites and stalagmites and numerous columns spread around in the main passage. Due to mineral configuration of the caves and the residues in the pillars and spikes they come in a breathtaking assortment of colors; those without color are shaped like transparent crystalline quartz. Perhaps the most important river of the province is the Ghezel Ozon which has begins in the mountains of Kurdestan and meanders vigorously and after a short stop behind the majestic Manjil Dam meets its estuary by the Caspian Sea. Zanjan Rood, Khara Rood, Abhar Rood, and Sajas Rood are some of the other rivers running through the province. There are also some mineral springs in the province such as Vanzagh hot springs, Abdal hot springs, Garmab hot springs and halab angooran hot springs. The majority of people in this province speak Azari. To the north of the province the influence of Gilaki language is present. In the southwestern parts you would hear some Kurdish and the Azarbaijani Turkish in the western regions. The language of people in the eastern and southern ends of the province is affected by Farsi. Hamd _ ol _ lahe Mostoofi _ 15th century AD _ in his canon book of Nezha tol Gholloob has mentioned the religion of the Zanjani people as Sunni. But during the Safavid Dynasty and its adoption of Shia as the official religion of the country, people gradually converted to Shia Islam.
This county spreads over 5396 square kilometers and is bounded by Ardabil and Eastern Azarbaijan provinces on the north, Tarom and Abhar counties on the east and Ijrood and Khodabande on the south and on the east with county of Mah Neshan. According to the latest census the county by the population of 640,000 accommodates 8.42 percent of the entire population of the province. The county consists of 2 sections of Central and Zanjanrood, a city and ten rural divisions.
Grand Mosque, Lady Jamile Mosque, Mirzayi Mosque, Chesotoon ( 40 column -) mosque, Agha Mir Fathollah Mosque, Zanjan grand Bazar, traditional Sofre Khane (food house) of Haji Dadash, the Laundry house museum, Zolfaghari Edifice, Toafighi Edifice, Darayi Edifice, Dokhan Edifice, Stone Caravanserai ( with traditional food house), Nikpey Caravanserai, Sarcham Caravanseray and Galjik Cave.
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Geographically the province has both mountainous and plain regions with most cities lying at the foot of mountains and in valleys. There are some fertile lands among the mountains of the province; going towards west you can see such lands in the valley of Abhar, Zanjan plain, Chaman Soltanie and the Zanjan Five (including Zanjan, Tarom, Ijrood, Abhar and Khodabande). The climate of the province is determined by two main factors, namely the entering fronts of humidity and heat, and the typography and the altitude from the sea level.
The average temperature in the coldest month of the year is less than 7 degrees centigrade below zero. The average temperatures in the months of Farvardin, Ordibehesht and through Mehr and Aban is temperate and between 8 to 14 degrees centigrade. The months of Khordad, Tir, Mordad and shahrivar (the last month of Persian spring and 3 months of summer) are hot and the months of winter are very cold. According to the statistics of synoptic stations, the province enjoys around 100 days with freezing temperatures; with the highest frequencies being in Bahman (2nd month of winter) with 25 days, and in Day (1st month of winter) with 24 days, in Azar (last month of autumn) with 18 days and finally in Esfand (last month of witner) with 17 days.
Moezeddin Abdul Vahab _ebne_ Emaddedin Ebrahim _ebn _ Abdulvahabe Zanjani was a prominent scientist and astronomer of the 15th century AD. He dedicated his book in astronomy named Nezhat- ol - Hejalie to his teacher, Jamal -al-din Zahir- ol-Islam in the year 654 on the Islamic Lunar calendar.
There was a secret group of scientist named Ekhvan - ol - Safa (Brothers of Joy) in Basra in the 11 century AD. Many of the members of the said group were of course Iranian. 5 known members of the group were: Abu Soleyman Mohammad Moshire Bastie Moghadasi, Mohammade -ibn- Ahmade Nahjoori, Abul Hasan Haroon-e- Zanjani, Avaz and Zeid-ibn-Rofae. The Brotherhood had written about 52 treaties on scientific issues of its time, such as on geometrics, arithmetic, astronomy, biology, mechanics, chemistry, physics and philosophy.
Hakim-e- Idaji was a renowned Azari poet who was born in the vast and spectacular Plain of Hidaj which enjoys a broad horizon with joyful weather. On his birthplace he wrote: the climate of our Hidaj is no less than Shiraz; although that Shiraz is known for its joyful weather. There are no exact data as to his birth date and his life and suffice to say that he obviously studied sciences from early childhood and had written many Farzi and Azari poems in different poetical styles.
Shahab-ol-Din Yahya-ibne- Habash-e- Hasani (Abdullah) -ibn- Amirak known as Abulfath was born in Sohrevard. He is also known as Sheikh-e- Eshragh, Sheikh-e- Eshraghi, Sheikh-e-Noori the murdered Sheikh and also the Murdered Shahab. Eshragh was second to none in Islamic sciences and Wisdom and philosophy. He also excelled in many literary sciences and esoteric sciences. He had such mastery in eloquence and the art of debate that no one could ever subdue him in a dialogue.
Knives, traditional sandals and shoes known as Charogh and Giveh, Malileh works, carpets and rugs, intricate woodworks (Monabbat), Monjoogh works (weaving designs on fabrics), traditional bread, different vegetables and confectionaries.